Treating diabetic macular edema (DME) has evolved from the ETDRS-style focal/grid laser being the standard of care since 1985 to the modern era of pharmacotherapy—with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections now taking center stage as primary treatment for most patients.
Volume-rendered optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging allows new insight into retinal vascular flow and morphological changes in eyes with macular edema (ME), and the information obtained is the basis for new ideas about the pathogenesis of ME and therapeutic intervention, according to Richard F. Spaide, MD, Vitreous Retina Macula Consultants of New York.
Results of a 2-year phase IIIb study include findings consistent with earlier information about treatment success with ocriplasmin injection for symptomatic vitreomacular adhesion and new information about efficacy and safety over the longer term.
Results from the phase II TANZANITE clinical trial support further investigation of adding suprachoroidal triamcinolone acetonide to anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy for treatment-naïve retinal vein occlusion.
The recent FDA clearance of a swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA) platform (PLEX Elite 9000, Carl Zeiss Meditec) for posterior ocular structures enables fast, dense, wide, and deep imaging of the retina, choroid, and their associated microvasculature, said Philip J. Rosenfeld, MD, PhD.
Patients don’t have to wait for 2020 to achieve 20/20 vision at near without spectacles or contact lenses. Rather, the advancements we have seen just in the past few years should be enough to help manage their expectations.