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    Diet review: Picking the best diet for your patients


    FODMAP diet

    The FODMAP (fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols) diet, is an elimination diet that may be suggested for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

    This diet requires restriction of certain carbohydrates, including fruits rich in fructose, dairy products, and several artificial sweeteners.

    Related: Why ODs should care about sugar

    It is difficult to adhere to, and not all those with GI symptoms respond to it. Forbidden foods include:

    • Apples

    • Asparagus

    • Brussel sprouts

    • Broccoli

    • Onions

    • Peaches

    • Peas

    • Pistachios

    • Rye

    • Wheat

    • Watermelon

    • Avocado


    • Honey

    • Mushrooms

    • Nectarines

    • Pears

    • Peaches

    • Plums

    • Artificial sweeteners (sorbitol, mannitol, maltitol, xylitol)

    • Dairy products such as milk, soft cheeses, custard, ice cream, and yogurt.

    Related: Improve and protect the next patient with diabetes

    Let’s consider what is left: kale and water.

    This is my least favorite diet.

    Tracy Schroeder Swartz, OD, MS, FAAO
    Tracy Schroeder Swartz currently practices at Madison Eye Care Center in Madison, Alabama. She serves as Education Chair for the ...


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