Implementing myopia prevention and control
New York—Myopia control and prevention has become a popular topic due to more data on myopia becoming available.
At Vision Expo East, Louise Sclafani, OD, FAAO, and Jeffrey Sonsino, OD, FAAO, shared information about myopia and myopia control studies and offered suggestions for ODs interested in adding such a service to their practices.
Related: Myopia and public health
Prevalence of myopia
U.S. myopia prevalence is considered to be 42 to 46 percent with a 68 percent increase in 20 years.1
“That number is likely even higher now because those numbers come from a 2009 study,” says Dr. Sclafani.
In addition, those with higher myopia (>-8.00 D) is projected to have an eight times increase.
According to the Brien Holden Vision Institute (BHVI), worldwide myopia prevalence varies:
• U.K.: 32 percent
• Canada: 72 percent
• Europe: 42 percent
• China: 95 percent
• Taiwan: 84 percent
• Singapore: 81 percent
• South Korea: 96 percent
BHVI projects the number of myopes to continue to increase to 2.5 billion by 2020 and 5 billion by 2050. By 2050, the number of myopes greater than 5.00 D will reach 900 million—increased from 200 million in 2010.